This has been correctly answerered based on the retiree’s next employment as a contractor on classified Government contracts, or as a consultant. If the retiree has a need to know, the employer will request update of clearance to a suitable level. But high VIP officials are often allowed to retain their clearances merely as an honor. This is justified because “they may be called on for advice to the Government.”
There are two types of vacancy from the government, one is entry Official Need tupperware i’m your girl shirt job, for fresh graduates, the competition is brutal. Having relationship or guanxi, is likely to have better arrangement, but NOT likely to skip the whole process at all. The corruption involving civic service exam has been largely decreased to almost none in past decade. some relationship with super powerful people, like provincial governor and minister or higher, might have different effect ,but that’s beyond my knowledge. Mayors or lower just can’t have those privileges anymore to put their sons or daughters into the government by skipping the exam as of 2018.Thus, many of them tend to arrange their relatives to state-owned enterprises, which is much easier and better paid to be honest. Another kind of vacancy is social hiring, the requirement for the job is clearly indicated per job. those jobs are normally professional jobs and requires lots of experiences. Head hunters in some cases are even used by local government just to hire some brilliant mind from law firm, IT sector et cetera. The meritocracy in Chinese government is seen everywhere as of 2018, guanxi no longer play a major role in promotion but a guidence of how this particular person is handling his or her personal relations. hard data, such as GDP growth or efficiency under his administration, and soft power, such as personal charm and how people around him view this person, together contribute the majority of decision-making process of promotion. In short , lawyers like Obama will never have a chance in China to even become a mayor, not to mention president. It is unofficial requirement, but all Chinese president has experiences of governing 3 different provinces, combining at least 100 million people for at least 10 years.