As mentioned in other answers, one I work at McDonald’s excessive sarcasm at work because punching someone in ther shirt difference is where the rays originate. A nucleus in an excited state (has “extra” energy) may release energy via gamma emission. Electrons transitioning into a lower atomic orbital may emit an x-ray. Electrons propagating through a material may be accelerated (slowed down) by the electric field of a nucleus and will emit an x-ray. Bottom line – gammas come from the nucleus; x-rays comes from electrons. Another difference is that we can machine produce x-rays directly by accelerating a beam of electrons into a high atomic number metal, typically tungsten. The electrons are accelerated either by potential difference in a x-ray tube, or via microwave guidance in a clinical accelerator. In either case, we can control the maximum energy of the resulting x-ray spectrum, and we can control, like an on-off switch, when the x-rays are produced.
I work at McDonald’s excessive sarcasm at work because punching someone in ther shirt
Since gammas come from the nuclei of an I work at McDonald’s excessive sarcasm at work because punching someone in ther shirt radioactive atoms, we can’t turn the gamma radiation on or off. We can only shield the radiation. In addition, beyond selecting which radioactive materials we use, we can’t control the energies of the gamma radiations. Another difference: machine produced x-rays consist of a spectrum of energies, whereas gammas from a particular radionuclide have discrete energies. As far as potential biological damage from exposure to a beam of x-ray or gamma radiation, there is no difference for a given energy. That is, an x-ray of a particular energy has the same potential in causing biological damage as that of a gamma ray of the same energy.